Revolutionary innovations have constantly questioned the prevailing customs and have consistently eased our lifestyle over the times. In his very first email to the employees, the newly appointed CEO of Microsoft, Satya Nadella states that our industry does not respect tradition – it only respects innovation. The Microsoft CEO’s wise words easily apply to our own fashion industry.
Change is a significant entity which establishes a fashion cycle which in turn churns out new trends. It is the very change which even constructs a need for fashion. While several factors such as social and economic development, multicultural effects, internet etc speeds up the fashion cycle, tradition alone can drastically slow down the fashion cycle. Fashion cycle moves faster with innovation while tradition affects it inversely. If Paul Poiret didn’t break the tradition, women wouldn’t be wearing trousers today. If not for Mary Quant there wouldn’t be any miniskirts selling in stores now. If Madonna didn’t wear innerwear as outerwear in 80s, Lady Gaga wouldn’t have a style statement today. Within the Indian subcontinent, there wouldn't be salwar-kameez without the Islamic invasion or a petticoat or a blouse without the British rule. Salwar-kameez, petticoat and blouse were not a part of the Indian tradition when introduced, have evolved to become essential staples in every Indian woman's wardrobe today - very much a part of our culture. Denims, skirts and several western silhouettes are following a similar pattern within the sub-continent.
Innovation doesn’t exist without tradition. Innovation is about constantly changing the tradition. While ditching tradition might lead to cultural de-individualization, digging and reviving tradition results in innovation.
SOME REVOLUTIONARY INNOVATIONS IN 20TH CENTURY THAT CHANGED FASHION FOREVER:
Camp Gillette invented safety razor with disposable blade in 1895
Channel No.5 introduced in 1920s was the first synthetic perfume
Paul Poiret was the first to introduce trousers for women in 1913
Polo tshirt in 1930s
Schiaparelli's shocking pink in 1930s
Peep Toes & Weejuns (Loafers) in 1930s
Invention of Nylon & Rayon brings stockings into prominence in 1930s
Dior New Look shattered all war-time rules in mid 40s-50s
Bikini was an after effect of World War II, not worn in America until 1960s after it gained acceptance linked to popular culture
Miss Clairol hair dying product introduced in 1956 brought hair coloring into mainstream
Little Black Dress was introduced in late 20s, became popular in 30s but was made an art form by Audrey Hepburn & Givenchy
PVC introduced in 1960s
Hippie Fashion in 1960s
Beatles in Nehru Jacket during 1960s
YSL trapeze loook in 1960s
Mary Quant introduced mini skirts in 1960s
Vivienne Westwood's Punk revolution in 1970s
Japanese invasion of Issey Miyake, Rei Kawakubo and Yohji Yamamoto
Madonna's lingerie as an outerwear in 1980s
Fashion icons like Michael Jackson and Princess Diana gained popularity
Anna Wintour's role as Vogue Editor-in-Chief in 90s
90s - The era of supermodels
After all that evolution, fashion now no longer belongs to the upper most echelons of the population. Rise of fashion blogging is certainly the latest addition to the list!